In 2019, the United States generated about 4.1 trillion kilowatt hours of electricity.
According to new figures from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, here’s a rough breakdown as to where all that power came from:
Sixty-three percent is still generated by fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas and petroleum.
Twenty percent is generated by nuclear power plants.
Eighteen percent is now generated by renewable resources such as wind, solar and hydroelectric power from dams and other water-generated power plants.
The renewable energy sectors are surging and are predicted to be nearly 40 percent of the U.S. energy market within the next three decades.
And wind is the one breezing to the front of the pack. For the first time in history, wind turbines created more electricity than the longtime renewable champ, hydroelectric dams.
The world’s first hydroelectric power plant opened on the Fox River in Appleton, Wis., in 1882.
Today, 34 states have some form of hydroelectric power, and the state of Washington, with the massive Grand Coulee River Dam, gets two-thirds of its electricity from water-fueled power plants.
But dams have created problems, including environmental disasters, flooding and water shortages. The power they generate is also seasonal and dependent on rainfall averages that swell rivers.
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